In five peri-urban communities, the Ghana WASH Project is working alongside WaterHealth International to provide surface water kiosks to increase access to safe water sources. This team effort to provide access to safe, potable water access is thanks to a larger partnership between USAID and The Coca-Cola Company, known as the Water and Development Alliance (WADA).
The provision of surface water kiosks, known as WaterHealth Centers, addresses these large communities’ basic need for improved drinking water access and quality, with the goal of decreasing the occurrence of waterborne diseases. WaterHealth already has a strong history of successful market-oriented water interventions at the community level in Ghana, with six previously existing water kiosks installed across Ga West Municipality (Greater Accra Region) and South Dayi District (Volta Region).
For each and every water kiosk, the Community Water and Sanitation Agency (CWSA) of Ghana conducts due diligence on existing facilities, its technologies, operations, and has formally certified WHG’s approach as an appropriate intervention.
How It Works
In each community, the surface water kiosk has the capacity to produce 65,000 liters/day of treated water. In the treatment process, raw water is pumped from nearby water sources, such as rivers, and treated to ensure the highest water quality standards. Water is purified using a combination of sedimentation and pre‐filtration (using sand, activated carbon, micron filters), disinfected using both Ultra Violet technology and chlorination, and stored in five 1,000-litre tanks and a 20,000-liter tank to ensure availability during peak rush hours is met. Water is also distributed via pump to two vantage points, each resourced with a 10,000 liter treated water storage tank.
For its operations as part of the Ghana WASH Project, WaterHealth has installed a surface water kiosk in two communities in Ga West: Manhean and Nsakina. Three surface water kiosks have been installed in Volta Region: in the communities of Dambai and Asukawkaw, located in Krachi East District; and in Tapa Abotoase, located in Biakoye District. The objective of these interventions is to provide a long-term source of clean drinking water to these communities and significantly reduce cases of waterborne diseases such as cholera, typhoid, diarrhea, guinea worm and buruli ulcer. In many cases, these surface water kiosks have been serviceable for up to 10 years.
Linking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
In addition to the provision of these surface water kiosks, the Ghana WASH Project is providing community capacity building and additional sanitation interventions, with the intent of providing a holistic approach to improving communities’ water, sanitation and hygiene status. In each of these communities, the project identifies and support water and sanitation development boards, who after 7-10 years, will take the lead on managing the surface water kiosks. This strategy is part of the project’s overall approach to strengthen community leadership and engender positive behavior change to support provided facilities.