While in our other targeted regions, small-town piping schemes are common for mid-sized towns, few exist in Ghana’s Western Region. The Ghana WASH Project has targeted this region because of the growing size of the region’s small towns, and the lack of such schemes. The project is providing comprehensive pipe schemes for two small towns.
The first town, Elluokrom, in Bia District, is home to more than 4000 people. The town has had three boreholes in the past. One was nonfunctional, and the other two, which could provide water for up to 300 people each, were insufficient to provide for the townspeople. The second town receiving a pipe system is Bokabo, a town of more than 2800 people located in Juabeso District. In Bokabo, the town lacked any improved water sources, and the townspeople have relied on fetching their water from a nearby stream. Neither community has a piping system connected to the Ghana Water Company, Ltd., the national water utility.
A small-town pipe scheme consists of a high-yielding borehole that is then mechanized with an electric pump to transport the water to a large overhead tank. From the tank, gravity is used to distribute the stored water to various accessible points (community standpipes), from which community members can fetch their water.
Elluokrom’s piping system is being fitted with 10 standpipes, each to be located in accessible places throughout the town. Bokabo’s pipe system is being fitted with nine standpipes. Small-town piping systems have a lifespan of 30 years or longer, depending on maintenance.